Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma in a Premature Neonate: Should We Give Adjuvant Chemotherapy?

Kechiche Nahla, Makhlouf Dorsaf, Belhassen Samia, Hmidi Nahla, Lamiri Rachida, Mekki Mongi, Belguith Mohssen, Nouri Abdellatif


Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is a rare renal tumor of infancy. Complete surgical excision is often sufficient. A premature neonate underwent left radical nephrectomy for CMN without any adjuvant therapy. Pathology was consistent with cellular type CMN. Six months postoperatively, the patient developed recurrence. He subsequently underwent re-excision without any adjuvant chemotherapy. The baby is tumor free for more than a year.


Congenital mesoblastic nephroma; Recurrence; Adjuvant therapy; Neonate

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