Neonatal Gastric Perforation: Smallest Baby Ever Operated and Survived: A Case Report

Nikhilesh Nain, Sunil Janged


Neonatal gastric perforation is a rare surgical emergency with no certain etiology. Due to its high mortality prompt diagnosis and emergency exploration surgery is mandatory. Hereby, we report a case of neonatal gastric perforation in a 4-day-old extreme low birth weight baby (645 g) born at 29 weeks who presented with complaints of abdominal distension, lethargy, and respiratory distress. X-ray abdomen revealed free gas under the diaphragm. Emergency surgery was performed. On exploration, a tear was seen along the greater curvature of the stomach with necrotic walls. Partial gastrectomy was done and perforation closed. Postoperatively baby was managed with invasive ventilation, IV antibiotics, parenteral nutrition, and continuous gastric decompression by nasogastric tube. Baby survived with intensive post-operative management and was discharged after 90 days of NICU stay. As far as literature is concerned this is the case of a smallest baby ever operated and survived after neonatal gastric perforation.


Neonatal gastric perforation; Premature baby; Survival

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